Sustainable architecture is designing buildings keeping in mind environmental targets and sustainable development. The terms green architecture or green buildings are frequently used interchangeably with sustainable structure to market this definition further. In a wider sense and taking into consideration the pressing political and economic problems, sustainable architecture attempts to decrease the negative environmental effects of the buildings by increasing moderation and efficiency in the use of building materials, power and development space. Likewise, green structure describes economical, energy-saving, environmentally-friendly, sustainable growth and investigates the relationship between architecture and ecology.
In a case strongly promoting sustainable structure, some specialists have laid down certain basic elements that will help us to donate to the matter further.
Huge houses generally use an enormous amount of energy to heat and cool. They also consume much more building materials that might have their own environmental effects. In a move to eliminate such wastefulness, little homes are currently being preferred permitting one to conserve energy and prevent unnecessary degradation of natural resources.
Nothing could be more comfortable for mind and body than living in an excellent solar-heated house. If designed ecologically, fantastic passive solar energy supplies only enough sunlight into the chambers to be absorbed by the surrounding thermal mass which acts as a heat battery and provides the warmth back in the room once the sun goes down. Crushed volcanic rock and straw bales make for great thermal mass insulation and layouts in a green house
Among the several approaches to conserve fossil fuel and create electricity are utilizing the natural powers of sunlight, wind, or water.
Using low water capacity bathrooms, flow restrictors in shower heads and faucet aerators are presently being used as a component of sustainable architecture. More revolutionary water conservation approaches include deflecting grey water from bathing, clothes washing and bathroom sinks to watering plants; catching rainwater from roofs and paved areas for national use. Landscaping with drought-tolerant plants may also save water.
Utilizing Local and Natural Materials
Nature has been benevolent enough to supply us with several materials to assemble, regardless of what region you reside in. If you use local materials for building, transporting and processing hassles are lessened thereby also keeping environmental and financial costs low. From both, an aesthetic and health viewpoint, building with natural materials helps sustainable growth. Natural materials would consist of rock, glass, lavender or lime plasters, adobe or rammed earth, bricks, tiles, untreated wood, cork, paper, reeds, bamboo, canes, and grasses in addition to all natural fibers. Adding plants in your living area can greatly improve the natural ambiance. Plants not only look nice, but they also release oxygen to the atmosphere, and a number of them can really filter some pollutants from the air.
Saving our Forests
While wood is most certainly a renewable source of energy we’ve gone beyond sustainable harvesting and destroyed our eco-systems through deforestation. Wood has to be utilized as small as possible and mainly for decorations. Cull dead trees for structural supports. Use masonry, straw bales; paper crepe, cob, adobe, stones, bags of volcanic rock, etc., rather than timber. Homes can be made with certified sustainably harvested trees. This means that the forests where the trees are cut down from are closely monitored to make sure that the health and temperament of the forest are preserved. Only certain trees have been culled occasionally, leaving the remaining trees to grow and contribute to a healthy ecosystem.
Among the critical elements of sustainable architecture is durability. If a building does not stand the test of time, it could be a waste of energy, from all perspective, human, resource and economical.