Kitchen layout can be as simple as a straight countertop with minimalist appliances, or as sophisticated as numerous dishwashers, sinks, cooktops & ovens in islands, under islands, over islands and much more. Wine coolers can match in the space of a dishwasher or be as tall as a cabinet. Sinks can be troughs to be filled with ice to cool bottles, small for an entertainment center, double or triple bowls and an infinite variety of materials. Materials vary enormously, you are able to go green with countertops made from compressed recycled paper, clear glass, concrete, granite, limestone or the old standbys. Even within materials, like granite, prices vary enormously based on the specific stone chosen, and you can find some very affordable and gorgeous rock if you look around. There is an infinite world of possibilities in the kitchen.
First, we can begin with some design principles. How much room do I need for a kitchen? Well, that depends on what you need inside. At it’s most miniature, you could fit a kitchen into space 5′-4″ x 7′-5″, however, there wouldn’t be much beyond some quite small appliances without a dishwasher. Let’s look at some standard appliance and fittings size ranges.
Sinks: sinks come at several sizes, depths, materials, and prices. You may get them as narrow as 11″ wide, but you probably want to plan at least a 30″ – 36″ cabinet, which can accommodate a vast selection of standard size kitchen countertops from 25″ to 33″ in many different fashions (drop-in, under counter, or vulnerable front cut out). You’ll also have to decide if you enjoy one, double or triple container sink because that will impact available sizes. There is also the option of putting the sink within an island or even putting an amusement sink or trough sink in a secondary site. Visit Legacy Kitchens for more ideas about sinks.
Dishwashers: dishwashers are pretty simple since they’re pretty standard at 24″.
Cooking: we have multiple options, but sizes are a bit easier. You’ve got a choice of a freestanding or slide-in, where the unit fits in between 2 cabinets, which is generally 30″ wide; a cooktop with different ovens, (either below or in a separate cabinet), which comes standard in 30″ or 36″ sizes and fit within that size cupboard (although you can get professional design rangetops up to 48″); or a professional style range made by companies such as Viking, Wolfe or GE Monogram which range from 24″ all the way up to 60″, and need significant ventilation. If you select another oven in some kind of wall oven arrangement, regular oven widths are generally 27″ and 30″, even though they may be found up to 36″.
Refrigerators: Choices, choices! Refrigerators are kind of two fundamental style decisions. Would you like the one which is shallow (around 2′) and can be called built-in or counter-depth, or do you really want the slightly deeper traditional style in which a number of refrigerator sides are exposed? The shallower constructed’s generally come in 36″, 42″ & 48″, whereas the deeper styles are available just below 30″ wide and upward.
Faucets: Kitchen taps, aside from an almost infinite variety of styles, colors, and materials, also have evolved. Faucets are now accessible just to fill the baskets on your stove, have a option of pull-out sprayer heads or different sprayer, single or several handles, they are available with distant two-button controls for a prep sink which allows for a fast sink rinse or a more complete cleansing flow, and can fit any decor from ultra modern to renaissance.
When speaking about storage, the NKBA recommends a total shelf/drawer frontage of 1400 inches for a small kitchen (less than 150sf), 1700 inches to get a moderate kitchen (151 into 350sf) plus 2000 inches for a large kitchen (over 350sf). What does this mean? Does this imply I want over 100′ of shelves for a little kitchen? Well, yes, but, every drawer or each individual shelf should be counted towards the total. Therefore, in case you have a 24″ wide cabinet, 30″ high with 3 shelves, then you have 6′ of shelving. And if there were a 24″ base cabinet with 4 drawers, there is just another 8′, therefore this one 24″ area of your kitchen already has 14′ of shelving. See: Calgary Kitchen Renovations | Remodeling & Renos Calgary
What’s”the work triangle”? The job triangle represents the three big workstations of the kitchen cooking place, the fridge, and the sink. Measuring from the center of each, the highest total length of the triangle should not be higher than 26 feet using the maximum leg no higher than 9 ft and the minimum less then 4 feet. At 3D Home Decorator, there are actually 9ft and 4ft arrows which you can put in your floor plans to check distances.
Eating areas are not limited to tables! Islands can accommodate eating areas, cooking areas, washing up areas, or just prep places. A normal kitchen countertop is 34 inches to 36 inches. A table is generally 30 inches higher. So in preparing kitchen eating areas, a portion of an island eating area could be dropped into table elevation or a table can be constructed as an expansion of an island, left at counter height with stools, or raised to 42 inches for a top countertop eating place, which is often utilized to hide the work surface of the counter behind it when seen from the rest of the room.
Just how much distance is perfect between a table and the wall? The NKBA (National Kitchen & Bath Assoc.) advocates a minimum of 32 inches if no more traffic should pass. 36 inches will allow someone to squeezes by, and 44 inches will probably let somebody walk by. If a wheelchair needs to pass, allow 60 inches.
It’s ideal to vent your stove into the outside if possible, but you will find recirculating fans which can draw smells from the atmosphere if outside venting isn’t available Do not put cooking surfaces beneath operable windows. If you’re lucky enough to have an operable window over countertop height on your kitchen, then put your sink under it instead of your stove. You can set a microwave with a fan combination over your stove, either exhausting to the outside or recirculating the air.
Do not squander your kitchen corners. Upper cabinets can be decorative spacious shelving or have a 2 part door that opens both sides of the cabinets. Blind base cabinets may have lazy susans, which rotate for access, or base cabinets can have shelves which pull out, swing into the side and allow deeper shelves to be pulled out into accessible locations. While it is the hardest to access, the least expensive solution is just to have deep shelves or a very simple lazy-susan (the rotating shelves). In case you have an L shaped island or kitchen using a peninsula setup, doors can be put on either side for accessibility.
Do not forget the space between the upper and lower cabinets. If you have more then sufficient countertop, the space between the upper and lower cupboards (even in the corners) may have tambour doors (roll-up doors) which can conceal the space could be filled with open wine racks, leaving half the countertop exposed for the typical purposes.
Cabinets are available in all sizes. Base cabinets come in each diameter from 3 inches upward, and depths from 12 inches to 24 inches and bigger, so they can fill all kinds of needs. 9 inch and 12-inch base pullouts for soda bottles and cans are wonderful and efficient for filling in spaces that are thinner. You will find base cabinets with pullouts for recycling or garbage, or with shelves which lift for a Kitchenaid Mixmaster type of appliance. A 12-inch deep cupboard at the end of an island can be used for cookbooks or made for storage. Don’t forget whole height pantries, which may get shelves, roll-out drawers, door attachments for spices or other specialty stores. Both lower and upper cabinets may be decoratively available for wine, books, glassware, and much more. An 18″ or 24″ base might have a little wine or soda fridge built in. There are 6″ high drawer cabinets or open shelves that could fit under your upper cabinets to give storage for smaller items. Base cabinets also can have glass doors and fancy faces, which may be used to display exceptional dishes. With storage at a top, kitchen cabinets have become very clever about offering maximum efficacy in minimum space. www.legacykitchens.com